The Tai Chi Broadsword is
also referred to as a Dao. Its' translation in English is Saber or
Wide Blade Sword and referred to as a Broadsword. Usually, the Dao
is more than 1 1/2 inches wide. In Tai Chi the emphasis is
on feeling. Like Push Hands, you want the sword to become part of
you so you can "SENSE" or feel your opponent. This practice
thereby requires you to focus beyond the blade tip and takes total
The broadsword in constructions has the following
Back edge which is dull
Blade edge which is sharp on the first third to
Blood groove which allows the weapon to be
withdrawn from the opponent after being thrust into the body
The flat edge used to block an opponents weapon
The Guard protects the hand from other weapons
during its' use
The grip or handle where you hold the sword
The pummel at the end of the handle
Yang Style Tai Chi Broadsword Translation
There are movements like fist, sword, rapier, spear, pushing hands
and big stroke in Tai Chi series. Although the movements type are
different, but they have the same movement characters, that is “the
solid blend in the soft, needles hide in the cotton, lingering
constantly and flow on without stopping.”
What is concerned in this book is completely different with the
movements in the book “thirteen sword movements of Tai Chi”. The content
of this book is written by studying from part of the attacking movements
of short sword in ancient China which include hack, cut, chop, sever,
pick, lift up, push, prick, support, slice, wipe, hitch, sweep, etc.
Combine with special stance type, stance method and body type of martial
art and form a sport event of short weapon. There is a character of
attacking in it, as well as the characters of Tai Chi Boxing which are
moving gently, smoothly and lingering constantly.
The practice way of Tai Chi sword is same with Tai Chi boxing.
Therefore, it will bring great benefits to the nerve system, cardio
cerebral vascular system, respiratory system, digestive system and
metabolism as well. Meanwhile, the player will obtain more interests to
play a sword than nothing in hands.
The practice method of Tai Chi Sword
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, your head cannot lean or pitching
and have to keep the chin back. Push the head upward like to support
something. You should avoid the feeling of stiff neck when you do this
movement and should keep the muscles on the neck relax. Both eyes have
to look forward horizontally and avoid the strabismus while moving.
Mouth should be closed naturally and twist the tongue and the tip of
tongue should touch the palate. Exhale with mouth and inhale with nose
You should keep the body upright and avoid leaning when you practice.
Backbone and tailbone should keep upright and avoid leaning as well.
However, it does not mean that your body will be stiff completely
without any flexibility. When you need to change the movements while
moving, you need to do the movements like head down on chest, straighten
up, sink down the shoulders and turn over the waist, etc. Mr. Yang
Dengpu said: “when you meet the movement variation, such as head down on
chest, Straighten up, sink down the shoulders and turn over the waist,
you must pay great attention to it at the beginning, otherwise
correction will hard to be done and the movements will be stiff after a
long time. It will bring great influence to your further studying and
you will never obtain its benefits.”
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, you should keep the bone joints and
muscles relax, shoulders should be sunk down, the elbows should be kept
drooping and curved arc-shaped. Palms should be stretched and fingers
should be stretched as well with a little bit curving.
You have to make clear about which one is empty and which one is full
for both legs when you practice the Tai Chi Sword. If the weight of the
body moves to the left leg, then the left leg is the full, and the right
leg will touch the ground with empty stance. Otherwise, the left leg is
empty and the right leg is full. What is called the empty, does not mean
hollow, it means that the moving trend does not stop, there is still
leeway to make some scale changes. What is called full, does not mean
overexert with entire strength. It means full with energy. So when you
squat, just bend your knees a little. Bending your knees too much and a
half squat means you do this movement too far. At the same time, the
posture of half squat will make the upper body lean forward and lost the
state of upright. Then it will obey the requirement of keeping upright
without leaning to either side.
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, you should make the forward and
backward, up and down of the steps like a walking cat. The up steps
should be flexible and the down steps should be light and gentle. In
case of kicking, you should keep the instep in line, and toe forward.
However, do not tighten the instep too much; you should make all the
muscle tendon relax and kicking out slowly.
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, you have to keep silence to
concentrate your mind and focus on each fine movement. Do not consider
any other matters while practice. Otherwise, sport will become a leisure
activity and the value of practice will be reduced.
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, you have to keep the breath
naturally; do not make the natural breath be influenced by any movement.
About the breath method, although the Tai Chi Sword is same with Tai Chi
Boxing, both of them use deep breath from the pubic region, but you do
not need to be fettered by this method at the beginning stage, just use
an ordinary abdominal breathing is enough and do not need to focus on
the up and down movement of your diaphragm. Otherwise, one can neither
breathe naturally nor moving naturally, it will be more difficult to
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, you have to use a flexible strength
instead of stiff and clumsy. What is called flexible strength means in
case the body, arms and legs move naturally or in the state of standing,
make the muscle tendons and the joints relax as much as possible.
However, this kind of relaxation does not mean loosen and exhaustion; it
means to do any movement with minimum strength as well as to control the
bones with minimum muscle strength.
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, you have to make all the movement
consistently and prolonged. The movement of body, legs and arms should
be consistent and coordinated, especially the coordination and union
among the sword, posture of hands and steps. If one moves, then all the
others will follow. Avoid hands moving but legs stopping and sword
moving but hands stopping. At the same time, you should make each
movement consistently from start to end, make the Tai Chi Sword becomes
a complete movement, no pulse, and no interruption; although there are
some little breaks, they are only to slow down the movement, but not
When you practice the Tai Chi Sword, the slower movement is better.
However, slowness does not mean bluntness and tenderness. Therefore,
bluntness and tenderness should be avoided regard to the movement speed.
At the same time, you should practice in uniform speed from start to the
middle and end and avoid fast and slow irregular.